Pains in the lower portion of your back is among the reasons why you may not be able to perform your daily routines comfortably. As the condition persists, you may decide to visit a doctor who can help you manage or eliminate the pain. Unfortunately, low back pain is a condition that various people suffer from at certain points in their life. So, to understand better how to treat it, you may want to learn more about the structure of this part of the body and causes of pain.
The Components of Your Lower Back
There are several components that make up the lower back such as ligaments, muscles and vertebrae of your spine. YorBack gives you further details about this part of your body, which can enable you to know some facts about possible causes of pain in the lower back, as well as in various areas of your back.
Your spine has a number of invertebral discs, and these are made of cartilage that serve as a cushion. Each disc fit perfectly between bone segments or two vertebrae. When there is an injury or disorder present in the ligaments, discs or muscles in the lower back, pain tends to occur. It is also worth noting that there is a much higher risk of lower back pain and injury in certain people, particularly those who have weak abdominal muscls and back, have poor posture, and people who suffer from overweight problems.
Low Back Pain Causes
While there are people who experience back pains without knowing exactly the cause of this condition, the most common issue that triggers the pain is a strain in the ligament or muscle. When the pain occurs immediately, this may mean there is a tear in your muscle, disc problems or sprained ligaments. In case you suffer from a slipped disc, this means the disc is undergoing pressure that makes it rupture and bulge. As a result, the cartilage is pushed in a sideway motion. Hence, intense pain is experienced as the cartilage keeps pressing on the nerves of your spinal cord.
There are several other conditions that are linked with back pain such as fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, spinal stenosis and osteoporosis. Moreover, pregnant women may also experience back pain since there is additional weight that puts stress on their back. The head of the baby in the womb also tends to compress the spinal nerves of the mother. Obese and overweight individuals may also experience back pain as their posture remains poor, and this leads to extra strain on their muscles and discs.
Aside from these concerns, there are medical problems that can lead to back pain. Some of these include issues with your stomach and gallbladder. As long as the pain is experienced at a specific place that is not in the injured portion of your body, then this is called referred pain.
Keep in mind that low back pain can indicate an existing injury or disorder in the body. So, it is advisable to have the issue diagnosed by a professional to address it promptly and prevent the condition from getting worse.